On Independence Day the nation reflects on its war stories. Stories about the revolutionaries who stood up to tyranny, and who handed down to us the precious experiment in self-governance. These stories are the fabric of our national patchwork quilt. Longfellow immortalizes Paul Revere’s ride in an anapestic tetrameter that beats like a galloping horse. Patrick Henry defies death with fiery oration. The thinkers, John Adams, Ben Franklin, and Thomas Jefferson, hash out the wording of a treasonous Declaration of Independence—while men of action, Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys, capture Fort Ticonderoga unawares. A shot is heard around the world. Betsy Ross sews a flag, as apple pie cools on the window ledge.  

How do these stories seep into our collective mind and influence our world perspective? Artists have interpreted these stories for us, as much as historians. Here are some of the sources.

Narrative nonfiction can be engaging, but sometimes it can be a chore to read, dry and stale, lacking detail and personal connection.  On the other hand, when novelists, poets, illustrators, filmmakers, bards, and painters tell us a story, it’s entertaining. After interest is piqued, readers can come back to non-fiction sources to fact check and learn more. 

Vietnam veteran and bestselling author Tim O’Brien tells us this from The Things They Carried:

“A true war story is never moral. It does not instruct, nor encourage virtue … If a [war] story seems moral, do not believe it. If at the end of a war story you feel uplifted, or if you feel that some small bit of rectitude has been salvaged from the larger waste, then you have been made the victim of a very old and terrible lie. … you can tell a true war story by its absolute and uncompromising allegiance to obscenity and evil. … in any war story, but especially a true one, it’s difficult to separate what happened from what seemed to happen. … When a booby trap explodes … the pictures get jumbled, you tend to miss a lot.  … a true war story cannot be believed. Often the crazy stuff is true and the normal stuff isn’t. … a true war story, it’s just beyond telling.”

Delve into Historical Fiction 

Experiencing history from the perspective of a fictional character, as if you are there in the past with them, creates an emotional connection to past events. Historical fiction puts faces on statistics. 

When immersed in a novel, people tend to be open-minded, less entrenched in their opinions. Historical fiction can be a palatable way to digest complex information and gain understanding of nuanced issues— not everything is black or white—not everyone is just a good guy or a bad guy. 

Johnny Tremain, Esther Forbes (1945)

Celia Garth, Gwen Bristow (1959)

Rise to Rebellion, Jeff Shaara (2001)

Chains, Laurie Halse Anderson (2008)

My Brother Sam is Dead, Christopher Collier and James Lincoln Collier (1974)

Rabble in Arms, Kenneth Roberts (1933)

Drums Along the Mohawk, Walter D. Edmonds (1936)

April Morning, Howard Fast (1951)

Be Swept Away by a Period Piece 

In film and television, settings are created to evoke a bygone world filled with enough detail to convince you that history is happening as you watch it. The combined talents of the actors, set designers, prop masters, costumers, dialect coaches and others recreate a moment in time and the characters that inhabit that era, with contemporary storytelling sensibility.

Johnny Tremain (1957), Disney  

The Devil’s Disciple (1959), Kirk Douglas, Burt Lancaster, Laurence Olivier.

John Adams (2008), Paul Giamatti

April Morning (1988), Tommy Lee Jones, Chad Lowe

Mary Silliman’s War (1994), Diane D’Aquila

Drums Along the Mohawk (1939), Henry Fonda, Claudette Cobert. Director: John Ford

The Crossing (2003), Jeff Daniels

All for Liberty (2009), Clarence Felder, Chris Weatherhead

The Patriot (2000), Mel Gibson

Turn: Washington’s Spies (2014), AMC, four seasons

Don’t Forget the Stage  

Hamilton, An American Musicalthe hip-hop phenomenon. (2015) Lin-Manuel Miranda.  The show won both the 2016 Pulitzer Prize in drama and the Tony Award for best new musical.  A live capture of the stage show will stream on Disney Plus beginning July 3. 

1776—the 1969 musical, with music and lyrics by Sherman Edwards and a book by Peter Stone, will return to Broadway in 2021.